## Appendix L |
## Goals of the First Year Physics Labs |

**Connecting theory to physical world experiences**- first hand experiences with experimental equipment

**Reporting**- formal report components (procedure, data, results, …)
- understanding what is involved with each component

- following required specifications

- formal report components (procedure, data, results, …)
**Uncertainties**- role of uncertainties in significance of a value
- random versus systematic errors
- data contributions to final result uncertainty

- uncertainty in data/measurements
- estimates

- statistical (calc, center/spread description, histograms)
- digital and analogue

- uncertainty in a result
- propagation of uncertainties (with addition/subtraction/multiplication/division/powers/log/trig)
- quoting a result (rounding, sig figs, percent/absolute uncertainty)

- role of uncertainties in significance of a value
**Graphical analysis**- error analysis from graphs (best/worst fits)
- linearizing equations (power/exponential) for graphing
- graphing fundamentals (scaling, presentation, slope calc, …)

**Comparison of values**- percent difference, absolute difference
- role of the uncertainty, agreement of values

**Measurements**- reading a analog scale including an uncertainty
- developing a sense of scale (eg. how much is a kg)
- importance of units
- viewing data through graphs (ie. “rough” graphing while conducting the experiment)
- measuring time, mass, distance (including small separations)

**Lab environment**- working with colleagues
- working in a shared environment (eg. leaving a cleared workspace)
- preparing equipment setup

**Scientific record keeping**- logbook for notes, for evidence, for reporting
- organizing a notebook
- following an organization’s requirements

Lab goals last update Oct 25 2012